It’s hard to believe May is over and June is here – with the first day of summer arriving with the Summer Solstice at 11:54 a.m. EDT June 21 – also dubbed “the longest day of the year.”

All times are Eastern Daylight and my USDA Planting Zone is 6B. Simply convert time and zone for your location.

     Moon phases: June begins – and ends - with the dark moon in force. The dark moon rules until the new moon – or no moon visible in the sky – arrives at 6:02 a.m. June 3. The light moon is then in force until the full – or dark moon - returns at 4:31 a.m. on June 17.

      When the light moon is in force, plant those veggies that produce above the ground. When the full - or dark - moon is ruling, plant only those that produce beneath the ground.

      Ideally, check the signs and plant when one of the fertile signs rules. Don’t plant when either of the killing signs, Aries or Leo, is in force. If you can only utilize one aspect of the system, I would suggest going with the moon phases.

The signs

     Remember: Check to see if the moon is in the light or dark phase (information above) before proceeding with any planting anywhere, or other activities.

      June begins with the fertile sign Taurus (the neck) ruling, so we’ll begin by reviewing when the fertile signs rule this month and which phase of the moon is in force – dark (below-ground producers) or light (above-ground producers.

       Fertile days: These are the most fertile signs in the zodiac.

      Taurus (the neck) rules June 1, 27-28, dark moon; Cancer (the breast) June 4-5, light moon; Scorpio (the secrets), June 13-14, light moon; and Pisces (the feet), June 22-23, dark moon.

      There are nine days this month ruled by the most fertile signs: Scorpio, Pisces, Taurus and Cancer. Four with the light moon in force and five in the dark moon.

      These are the absolute best days for planting, if possible.

       Gemini days: Gemini (the arms) rules June 2-3, 29-30. All but the first six hours of June 3 is with the dark moon in force. If you want most of a perfect day for planting beans – light moon/Gemini in force – then after 6 a.m. on June 3 is your only day. The other three (June 2, 29-30) are okay, but only the sign half of the equation – Gemini – is perfect since the moon is in the dark phase.

      As for pea planting, that’s over until after July 20 when you can plant snow peas. Peas love cool weather in which to germinate and grow – and likely as not, June and July won’t be too cool.

      Killing signs: No planting, transplanting, or dealing with things you want to thrive should occur on these days. Reserve them for cultivating your garden, cleaning out fence rows — anything but planting.

      Here’s when they rule in June: Leo (the heart) June 6-7; and Aries (the head), June 24-26. There are five days ruled by killing days again this month.

      Flowering days: Virgo (the bowels) rules June 8-9 and Libra (the reins) is up for June 10-12 - five flowering days in June. These are bloom days and flowers planted when they rule should bloom and do so abundantly. But just like your veggies, be sure they have adequate moisture. I would strongly suggest avoiding planting veggies when bloom signs are in force since more energy goes toward blooming than setting fruit!

     So-so days: These aren’t particularly fertile nor destructive, just so-so. Sagittarius (the thighs), June 15-16; Capricorn (the knees), June 17-18; and Aquarius (the legs), June 19-21. There are seven days this month ruled by the so-so signs.

      The dark moon is in force all but June 15 and 16. When you add the Pisces (feet) days on June 22-23, we have a seven-day stretch for making changes – Capricorn/knees through Pisces/feet.

General tips

      Making changes: As I just mentioned and as a reminder, if you have changes to make like stopping smoking, starting a diet or exercise program, weaning small children or animals, scheduling elective surgery – anything that requires making a change – the best time for that is when the moon is in the dark phase and the signs are going out of the body beyond anything that functions.

      Days this month are June 17-23.

      Pouring gravel: If you have gravel to pour on a drive or road on your farm, do that when the light moon rules, which all but the first six hours of June 3 through June 16.

      The same applies for stones on a garden path: Place them when the moon is in the light phase, so they don’t sink. If you’re setting fence posts, do that in the light phase of the moon so the posts don’t sink.

You may email me at pcase211@gmail.com; call or text 502-682-5995. Visit Facebook and like my page devoted to this information. It’s Planting by the Signs.